A student who is not a US citizen or legal permanent resident and who does not currently possess a green card, visa, or other legal documentation is considered an undocumented student. This even includes those born outside of this country who have lived in this country for a significant portion of their lives. Undocumented students do not have a social security number.
On June 15, 2012, the Secretary of Homeland Security announced that certain people who came to the United States as children and meet several guidelines may request consideration of deferred action for a period of two years, subject to renewal. They are also eligible for work authorization. Deferred action is a use of prosecutorial discretion to defer removal action against an individual for a certain period of time. Deferred action does not provide lawful status. For more information regarding DACA, please visit the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services website.
DACA Eligibility Guidelines
(New applications NOT accepted after September 5, 2017)
Under the age of 31 as of June 15, 2012;
Came to the United States before reaching your 16th birthday;
Have continuously resided in the United States since June 15, 2007, up to the present time;
Were physically present in the United States of June 15, 2019, and at the time of making your request for consideration of deferred action with USCIS;
Had no lawful status on June 15, 2012;
Are currently in school, have graduated or obtained a certificate of completion from high school, have obtained a general education development (GED) certificate, or are an honorably discharged veteran of the Coast Guard or Armed Forces of the United States; and
Have not been convicted of a felony, significant misdemeanor, or three other misdemeanors, and do not otherwise pose a threat to national security or public safety.
DACA DOES NOT award lawful immigration status to recipients; this means that people in a deferred action status are not considered U.S. citizens, permanent residents or eligible non-citizens. DACA does not provide a pathway to citizenship.